With climate change a settled a fact among the great majority of scientists, people are entering an era of “climate responsibility,” during which the actions they take — or fail to take — will lead to a dramatically different world for future generations, a leading climate expert said Tuesday.Chris Field ’75, co-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Working Group II and founding director of the Carnegie Institution for Science’s Department of Global Ecology, said the coming decades will provide an opportunity to curb emissions drastically and to begin efforts to counter risks from changes already “baked into the system” by past emissions.“We can think of the next few decades as an era of climate responsibility,” Field said. “During this period, the actual evolution of temperature is very different between a world of continued high emissions and a world of ambitious mitigation.”“We can think of the next few decades as an era of climate responsibility,” said Chris Field. Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff PhotographerOver the past century, Field said, the globe has warmed about 1 degree Celsius, and even the most optimistic emissions scenarios have it warming by that much again by 2100.That means a wide array of effects are already unavoidable, he said, ranging from more-extreme weather events, to longer and more severe heat waves and droughts, to shifting environments for many plant and animal species, to strain on the global food supply, to disappearing global ice, rising seas, vulnerability to insect-borne disease, and more.Keeping climate change to that level, however, will require dramatic changes to global carbon emissions. From 1970 to 2000 these rose at about 1.3 percent annually, but from 2000 to 2010 they rose 2.2 percent a year, meaning that carbon emissions are increasing, not decreasing.If those increases are not curbed, Field said, the globe could warm as much as 5 degrees Celsius by 2100, with effects that will be much greater and more difficult to counter.“The risk of future impact goes up dramatically as the amount of climate change goes up, with increasing risk of impacts that are severe, pervasive, and irreversible,” he said.Field, who also serves on Harvard’s Board of Overseers, was the opening speaker Tuesday at the Geological Lecture Hall for the two-day, 10th annual Plant Biology Symposium. The gathering was cosponsored by the Plant Biology Initiative at Harvard University and by the Harvard University Center for the Environment. Field was introduced by Andrew Richardson, associate professor of organismic and evolutionary biology.Though much work remains to be done, Field said there are hopeful signs that needed shifts are occurring. He cited as examples the recent announcement by California Gov. Jerry Brown that the state would further tighten greenhouse-gas emissions standards and the U.S.-China agreement last November on curbing carbon emissions.The changes may not be good news for the fossil fuel industry, Field said, but could mean economic opportunities for many other sectors. Billions of dollars will have to be spent to renew aging infrastructure across the globe in the coming decades, and with the renewal will come opportunities to incorporate sustainable innovations in design. In addition, he said, there are already signs that governments and their people are taking existing threats seriously and making early steps to mitigate effects and adapt.In the Netherlands, he said, new flood control infrastructure is an example of a top-down governmental approach against rising seas. Meanwhile, on the island of Tuvalu in the South Pacific, communities are seeking to buffer the impact of rising seas and storms by planting mangrove forests.These efforts “are unique in that they’re specifically deployed to provide protection from a changing climate, and they’re intended not as final solutions but as initial efforts to provide … learning experiences to build on moving forward,” Field said. “They all represent baby steps from which we can learn.”The extent of the mitigation and adaptation efforts undertaken, he said, will depend in part on the risks from climate-driven events and the degree to which people, businesses, and governments determine their risk tolerance based on their vulnerability to impact, its potential for damage, and its likelihood.Asked whether he had any advice for today’s college students, Field said the challenges are many and he can’t imagine a field where the efforts of talented individuals won’t be needed.“What I hope is one of you guys are going to be the CEO of ExxonMobil, and that’s what’s really going to make the difference, or … governor of Massachusetts, or president,” Field said. “I actually can’t think of any future endeavors that are not involved with climate … The opportunities for contributing solutions to the climate problem are everywhere.”
The Saint Mary’s Sexuality and Gender Alliance Club hosted an LGBTQ Resource Fair, an event that allowed participants to meet with LGBTQ and ally organizations, groups and individuals who provide resources to local and college communities Thursday.Sophomore Susi Le, the 2017-2018 recipient of the LGBT Student Scholarship awarded by the Gay and Lesbian Alumni of Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s (GALA), coordinated the event. In addition to providing financial resources for students who identify as members of the LGBTQ community, GALA also sponsors charitable, educational, spiritual and athletic activities that further the interests of community members and their supporters. Michelle Mehelas | The Observer Members of the Saint Mary’s community spoke with representatives from various LGBTQ support organizations about resources available in the Saint Mary’s, Notre Dame and South Bend communities.Along with GALA, the LGBTQ Center of South Bend; YWCA of Northern Indiana; Transgender Resource, Education and Enrichment Services (TREES); Graduate LGBTQ+ and Allies Student Society of Notre Dame (GlassND) and several other resource groups attended the event.Meghan Buell, the founder and president of TREES, Inc., an organization spreading transgender education throughout small-town and rural communities, has been involved at Saint Mary’s for the past five years, appearing as a guest lecturer and acting as a mentor to student organizations. Buell said TREES, Inc. hopes to connect with college students through events such as Thursday’s resource fair.“I think that sometimes there’s a disconnect between the community and the resources in the campus community, and we want to bring those together to let students know that there are resources in the community that they may not find directly through campus organizations,” Buell said.TREES, Inc. strives to teach the essential tools necessary to initiate respectful, productive conversations in and about the LGBTQ community, Buell said.“We are constantly having conversations and teaching communication skills that are involved in the transgender community: how to be respectful, how to use the right terminology, understanding that pronouns matter,” Buell said.Laura Ortiz-Mercado, a graduate student at Notre Dame, represented GlassND, a group founded by the graduate student union that works to create a sense of community within Notre Dame and is specifically aimed toward graduate students who identify as LGBTQ.“Our first goal is to create a sense of community and companionship, as well as a support group,” she said. “We know that, in a way, being in graduate school is like living inside a bubble in which you are disconnected from everything else. We’ve been trying to create connections across universities and, more importantly, with the South Bend community.”One of the largest parts of her role as group organizer, Ortiz-Mercado said, is to create visibility by spreading LGBTQ awareness through the Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s communities.“The most important thing is bringing visibility to the different groups — support groups, student organizations and non-profit organizations around South Bend,” she said. “We want to bring visibility to the fact that we are here, and to let people in the LGTBTQ community know that they have a lot of resources and groups to join. We want to let them know that they are not alone here.”Tags: GALA-ND/SMC, LGBTQ, LGBTQ Resource Fair, Saint Mary’s Sexuality and Gender Alliance Club, TREES
Mourinho deployed, out of choice rather than necessity, Andre Schurrle as a ‘false nine’ at United last season and, if Costa and Remy are out, will have only one recognised striker to call on in Didier Drogba. The 36-year-old has only just returned from an ankle problem and scored the first goal of his second Blues spell from the penalty spot against Maribor. Mourinho had declared on Monday that Drogba was not fit to play for 90 minutes, but after featuring for 75 the Ivory Coast striker was content. “I’m happy with the minutes I played against Maribor,” Drogba said. “There was no reaction (for his ankle) so I’m happy. “It was special to score for Chelsea again in my stadium. I always felt lucky when I had the chance to score here, to have that feeling again is great. “It’s a big coincidence scoring my first goal with a penalty after my last for the club was also a penalty in the (2012) Champions League final.” On Sunday’s match, Drogba added: “It is up to the manager to decide.” Remy wanted to take his chance in Costa’s absence. “It’s frustrating, of course, because I had a chance to play because Costa is injured but I am not afraid,” Remy added. “I don’t think it is really bad. We will check and I really hope to play again this weekend. “It is a huge game but every game is tough. Especially this one because it is a big game against a good opponent but I will try to recover as quickly as possible.” Mourinho gave Dominic Solanke his Chelsea debut, aged 17 years and 37 days to make him Chelsea’s youngest Champions League player. The teenager had been poised to come on at Crystal Palace but a late goal meant Drogba was sent on for stoppage time. Solanke told Chelsea TV: “I nearly made it the other day (at Selhurst Park). This was a lot more special at Stamford Bridge in the Champions League. “It’s a great bit of history. It’s amazing, really. I’m just speechless.” As for the possibility of playing at United on Sunday, Solanke added: “You have to be ready. You’ve got to take your opportunity when you get it.” Remy scored the opening goal in Tuesday night’s 6-0 Champions League Group G win over Maribor before departing with a groin injury which saw Mourinho rule him out of the United duel. Chelsea’s first team had a day off on Wednesday, with Mourinho insisting he did not wish to know any injury news until preparations for Old Trafford began in earnest on Thursday. Remy is hopeful of playing in what would be a boost for the Portuguese. The France striker said: “I will see what happens in the next few days. But I am ready for Manchester United, of course. “I got the injury before I scored. I felt a little bit sore. I preferred to keep going and stay on the pitch. I really hope that it is not too bad. “These things happen but the most important thing is we won. I was disappointed when I came off but there is no reason to be afraid. “We must now look forward to the game against Manchester United.” Remy was deputising for Diego Costa, the scorer of nine goals in seven Premier League games who is yet to feature since the international break when, Mourinho says, a hamstring problem was exacerbated on Spain duty. Mourinho has put no timescale on Costa’s return, only saying the £32million signing from Atletico Madrid had “very little” chance of playing at United, but it would not be a surprise were the Blues to be headed by the formidable frontman at Old Trafford. Costa’s hamstrings have been a regular discussion point this season but, following the defeat of Arsenal – admittedly prior to Spain’s matches with Slovakia and Luxembourg – captain John Terry questioned where the reports of an injury had come from and described his team-mate as a handful in training. Press Association Chelsea manager Jose Mourinho may have strike options for Sunday’s trip to Manchester United after all following Loic Remy’s declaration that he hopes to be fit for the Barclays Premier League leaders’ clash at Old Trafford.
Kumasi Asante Kotoko striker, Dauda Mohammed, says the mood has changed in the club’s dressing room and amongst the fans following their impressive performances in the Ghana Premier League.Dauda’s brace against Dwarfs last Sunday ensured the Porcupines have picked up 12 points out of the possible 15 under the guidance ofCoach Micheal Osei ably supported by his technical team.But the striker believes they must continue working hard to keep winning.“We have to continue picking the victories, you can’t get carried away and we must continue working in order to keep winning,” he told Adom FM Sports.“The feeling around the team now is great so we must do everything possible to make the supporters and the team owner Otumfour Osei Tutu happy all the time.” When quizzed about his goal scoring form in the last five matches, Dauda was optimistic about maintaining the standard. “I am not liberated at all because l can score more for the team and myself.”Dauda is currently with the Black Satellites preparing for next week’s Africa Youth Championship qualifier against Ethiopia and could missKotoko’s next league game against Bechem United in Bechem on Wednesday. – Follow Joy Sports on Twitter: @JoySportsGH. Our hashtag is #JoySports