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The era of climate responsibility

first_imgWith climate change a settled a fact among the great majority of scientists, people are entering an era of “climate responsibility,” during which the actions they take — or fail to take — will lead to a dramatically different world for future generations, a leading climate expert said Tuesday.Chris Field ’75, co-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Working Group II and founding director of the Carnegie Institution for Science’s Department of Global Ecology, said the coming decades will provide an opportunity to curb emissions drastically and to begin efforts to counter risks from changes already “baked into the system” by past emissions.“We can think of the next few decades as an era of climate responsibility,” Field said. “During this period, the actual evolution of temperature is very different between a world of continued high emissions and a world of ambitious mitigation.”“We can think of the next few decades as an era of climate responsibility,” said Chris Field. Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff PhotographerOver the past century, Field said, the globe has warmed about 1 degree Celsius, and even the most optimistic emissions scenarios have it warming by that much again by 2100.That means a wide array of effects are already unavoidable, he said, ranging from more-extreme weather events, to longer and more severe heat waves and droughts, to shifting environments for many plant and animal species, to strain on the global food supply, to disappearing global ice, rising seas, vulnerability to insect-borne disease, and more.Keeping climate change to that level, however, will require dramatic changes to global carbon emissions. From 1970 to 2000 these rose at about 1.3 percent annually, but from 2000 to 2010 they rose 2.2 percent a year, meaning that carbon emissions are increasing, not decreasing.If those increases are not curbed, Field said, the globe could warm as much as 5 degrees Celsius by 2100, with effects that will be much greater and more difficult to counter.“The risk of future impact goes up dramatically as the amount of climate change goes up, with increasing risk of impacts that are severe, pervasive, and irreversible,” he said.Field, who also serves on Harvard’s Board of Overseers, was the opening speaker Tuesday at the Geological Lecture Hall for the two-day, 10th annual Plant Biology Symposium. The gathering was cosponsored by the Plant Biology Initiative at Harvard University and by the Harvard University Center for the Environment. Field was introduced by Andrew Richardson, associate professor of organismic and evolutionary biology.Though much work remains to be done, Field said there are hopeful signs that needed shifts are occurring. He cited as examples the recent announcement by California Gov. Jerry Brown that the state would further tighten greenhouse-gas emissions standards and the U.S.-China agreement last November on curbing carbon emissions.The changes may not be good news for the fossil fuel industry, Field said, but could mean economic opportunities for many other sectors. Billions of dollars will have to be spent to renew aging infrastructure across the globe in the coming decades, and with the renewal will come opportunities to incorporate sustainable innovations in design. In addition, he said, there are already signs that governments and their people are taking existing threats seriously and making early steps to mitigate effects and adapt.In the Netherlands, he said, new flood control infrastructure is an example of a top-down governmental approach against rising seas. Meanwhile, on the island of Tuvalu in the South Pacific, communities are seeking to buffer the impact of rising seas and storms by planting mangrove forests.These efforts “are unique in that they’re specifically deployed to provide protection from a changing climate, and they’re intended not as final solutions but as initial efforts to provide … learning experiences to build on moving forward,” Field said. “They all represent baby steps from which we can learn.”The extent of the mitigation and adaptation efforts undertaken, he said, will depend in part on the risks from climate-driven events and the degree to which people, businesses, and governments determine their risk tolerance based on their vulnerability to impact, its potential for damage, and its likelihood.Asked whether he had any advice for today’s college students, Field said the challenges are many and he can’t imagine a field where the efforts of talented individuals won’t be needed.“What I hope is one of you guys are going to be the CEO of ExxonMobil, and that’s what’s really going to make the difference, or … governor of Massachusetts, or president,” Field said. “I actually can’t think of any future endeavors that are not involved with climate … The opportunities for contributing solutions to the climate problem are everywhere.”last_img read more

Patriots Down Mariners

first_img Latest Posts Bio This is placeholder textThis is placeholder text State budget vs. job creation – January 22, 2015 Hancock County Court News Nov. 3 thorugh Dec. 11 – January 22, 2015 DEER ISLE — A three-run homer by Brett Bradford and four hits, including a solo home run, by Jon Johnson led the Bangor Christian Patriots over the Deer Isle-Stonington Mariners 11-5 on Monday at Deer Isle.Jon Lymburner had three singles, Eben Powers singled twice and drove in a run and Deven Haskell had an RBI single for the Mariners. For more sports stories, pick up a copy of The Ellsworth American. House fire in Winter Harbor – October 27, 2014 admin Latest posts by admin (see all)last_img read more

Angels beat Dodgers 8-4 in Freeway Series opener

first_imgPreviousAlbert Pujols, left, of the Angels gets a high-five from Mike Trout after hitting two-run home run in the 4th inning during a Freeway Series game against the Los Angeles Dodgers at Angel Stadium in Anaheim on Sunday, March 24, 2019. (Photo by Leonard Ortiz, Orange County Register/SCNG)Los Angeles Angels’ Albert Pujols watches a two-run home run during the fourth inning of the team’s preseason baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers on Sunday, March 24, 2019, in Anaheim, Calif. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Angels’ Albert Pujols, left, is congratulated by Mike Trout, right, as manager Brad Ausmus watches during the fourth inning of the team’s preseason baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers on Sunday, March 24, 2019, in Anaheim, Calif. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill) SoundThe gallery will resume insecondsLos Angeles Angels center fielder Brandon Marsh makes a catch on a ball hit by Los Angeles Dodgers’ Omar Estevez during the eighth inning of a preseason baseball game Sunday, March 24, 2019, in Anaheim, Calif. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Felix Pena of the Angels pitches against the Dodgers during a Freeway Series game at Angel Stadium in Anaheim on Sunday, March 24, 2019. (Photo by Leonard Ortiz, Orange County Register/SCNG)Angels’ left fielder Justin Upton of the misses a fly ball at the wall hit by Max Muncy of the Dodgers during a Freeway Series game at Angel Stadium in Anaheim on Sunday, March 24, 2019. (Photo by Leonard Ortiz, Orange County Register/SCNG)Mike Trout of the Angels runs off the field after flying out in the first inning during a Freeway Series game against the Los Angeles Dodgers at Angel Stadium in Anaheim on Sunday, March 24, 2019. (Photo by Leonard Ortiz, Orange County Register/SCNG)Los Angeles Dodger’s pitcher Ross Stripling pitches against the Angels during a Freeway Series game at Angel Stadium in Anaheim on Sunday, March 24, 2019. (Photo by Leonard Ortiz, Orange County Register/SCNG)Mike Trout of the Angels signs autographs prior the the Freeway Series game against the Los Angeles Dodgers at Angel Stadium in Anaheim on Sunday, March 24, 2019. (Photo by Leonard Ortiz, Orange County Register/SCNG)Albert Pujols, left, of the Angels gets a high-five from Mike Trout after hitting two-run home run in the 4th inning during a Freeway Series game against the Los Angeles Dodgers at Angel Stadium in Anaheim on Sunday, March 24, 2019. (Photo by Leonard Ortiz, Orange County Register/SCNG)Los Angeles Angels’ Albert Pujols watches a two-run home run during the fourth inning of the team’s preseason baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers on Sunday, March 24, 2019, in Anaheim, Calif. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)NextShow Caption1 of 9Los Angeles Angels’ Albert Pujols watches a two-run home run during the fourth inning of the team’s preseason baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers on Sunday, March 24, 2019, in Anaheim, Calif. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)ExpandANAHEIM – When spring training began, Ross Stripling and Felix Peña weren’t assured of a place in the starting rotation with the Dodgers and Angels, respectively.A lot can change in six weeks. Thanks to a handful of injuries, Stripling and Peña were the opposing starters in the Freeway Series opener. Their next starts will come in a game that counts.Sunday, in an exhibition game before an announced crowd of 38,031 at Angel Stadium, the stakes were low. The Angels’ 8-4 win was decided by in the final innings, when all but three starting position players had been removed.For Stripling and Peña at least, it was cause for excitement. Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error “Last year at this time I knew I was in the bullpen,” Stripling said. “Even though I was built up, I knew it. This year being in the rotation it’s similar, but maybe even a little bit more of a teeter-totter because Rich (Hill) and Kersh (Clayton Kershaw) will be back at some point. We’ll see what happens then.“It’s nice to know a week, 10 days in advance that you’ve got Game 2. Start prepping for the Diamondbacks and get ready for Friday.”In three innings Stripling allowed one run, when Jonathan Lucroy and Mike Trout hit doubles for the Angels in the third inning. The right-hander allowed only one other hit, a single, and walked one batter.Peña’s start was similarly abbreviated – 3 ⅓ innings – and he also escaped with one run on his ledger. The right-hander used a masterful changeup to his advantage, recording nine of his 10 outs via strikeouts.“I’ve been working on (the changeup) since spring training,” Peña said through an interpreter, “and thank God it’s where I want to be.”center_img Peña threw 80 pitches Sunday. Manager Brad Ausmus said Peña would be limited to 90-95 pitches in his regular season debut.The remainder of the game was neither crisp nor pitcher-friendly.Albert Pujols hit a two-run home run against Dylan Floro in the fourth inning, giving the Angels a 3-1 lead.The Angels loaded the bases in the sixth inning when Justin Bour walked, and Andrelton Simmons and Jose Rojas hit back-to-back singles against Yimi Garcia. Bour scored to give the Angels a 4-1 lead when Zack Cozart grounded into a double play.The Dodgers rallied for three runs in the seventh inning against Angels pitcher Jared Walsh. But they gave the run back on a fielding error in the bottom of the seventh inning, when Bour’s ground ball trickled under second baseman Matt Beaty’s glove into right field.Up 5-4, the Angels broke the game open by scoring three runs with two outs in the eighth inning. They loaded the bases against Dodgers closer Kenley Jansen. Wilfredo Tovar was awarded a single when his line drive back to the mound struck Jansen in his right leg. Jansen waved off an athletic trainer and remained in the game. With two outs in the inning, Manager Dave Roberts removed Jansen in favor of minor league right-hander Layne Somsen.Rojas promptly scored on a passed ball that eluded Russell Martin. Brandon Marsh hit Somsen’s next pitch for a single, driving in Tovar and Rengifo to make it 8-4.After the game, Jansen said he was fine. He was removed by virtue of his pitch count and planned to pitch in Monday’s game in Anaheim.Kiké Hernandez and Corey Seager were recently minted as the Dodgers’ starting second baseman and shortstop, respectively. The double-play partners got a lot of work in the field. Each had six assists and did not commit an error.Angels left fielder Justin Upton sprained his left big toe tracking down a Max Muncy double in the first inning and left the game. Upton said he suffered the injury when he braced himself and ran into the wall. He’s officially day to day and his status for Opening Day is unclear.“I hope I walk in here tomorrow and it feels great,” he said, “but I won’t know until tomorrow.”Staff Writer Mirjam Swanson contributed to this report.last_img read more