The Pastor of the New Water in the Desert Assembly (NWIDA), Reverend Dr. Kortu K. Brown, has called on “ordinary Liberians” to stand up against dual citizenship to avoid what he called “recreating the age-old Americo-Liberian Country divide” that plunged the country into a bloody coup and a devastating civil war to undermine the country.Rev. Brown, who pastors the Apostolic Pentecostal Church (APC), was speaking last Sunday during divine thanksgiving worship service. He argued that the current dual citizenship drive is not timely nor a priority for reconstruction and development.Dr. Brown, who is also the 1st vice president of the Liberia Council of Churches (LCC), averred that “there are those who argue that the country will not be developed until it embraces dual citizenship.”The Pentecostal cleric, however, reminded dual citizenship advocates that statistics show that there are more than 65 countries, some very powerful in the world that do not promote dual citizenship and have considerably developed; citing China, Sweden, Japan, Cameroun, Malawi, Indonesia, Sierra Leone, and Zimbabwe, among others.The APC general overseer noted that the real challenge with the dual citizenship is “divided loyalty”.Dr. Brown argued that more influential Liberians with foreign connections have shown more loyalty to foreign states than their country of birth; saying the question of divided loyalty cannot be ignored in the current debate.“When Liberians who have resided in foreign countries are dismissed, they revert to their new country of residence where they hold greater loyalty and willingness to follow the laws of that country than their country of birth.”Furthering his argument, Dr. Brown suggested that Liberia adopt the Indian model of dual citizenship, dubbed as the “Overseas Citizens of India,” (OCI), not “Dual Citizenship.”The apostolic cleric is therefore suggesting that the country endorses a law creating the “Overseas Citizens of Liberia” for all persons of Liberian birth, provided that OCL status holders are not permitted to carry Liberian passports, vote in local elections, stand as candidates for any elected office, hold constitutional offices of President, Vice President, Lawmaker, Judge, Cabinet Minister, among others and senior level appointments in government.According to Rev. Brown’s anti-dual citizenship debate and his favored OCL suggestion, Overseas Citizens of Liberia, will be entitled to travel documents, dubbed “OCL Booklet” to enable them to freely travel to their motherland and participate in the socio-economic development of the country.The OCL Booklet holders, according to Rev. Brown’s suggestion, may own properties and engage in any lawful business of their choice.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Over ten years of leadership and receiving over US$16 billion in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and millions of dollars from development partners, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is grappling with building a vibrant economy.Though the President and her lieutenants usually boast of tremendous increase in the country’s national reserve since taking office in 2006; however, things have not been favorable as a result of some shocks that the economy continues to experience.In her annual message to the Legislature on the state of the Republic yesterday, President Sirleaf, a Harvard trained economist, said that as a result of the crisis, the government will be unable to meet the targeted level of public sector investment that is required to meet its obligation to ongoing infrastructure projects and new priorities that are essential for the country’s economic diversification goals.President Sileaf said as a result of weak revenue performance, total expenditure in the FY15/16 budget of US$622.7 million is expected to be reduced by 11.2 percent to US$552.8 million, representing potential cutbacks from all entities while avoiding cuts in compensation and other economic and social services’ expenditures.The implication, she said, “is that we will be unable to meet the targeted level of public sector investment that is required to meet our obligation to ongoing infrastructure projects and new priorities that are essential for our economic diversification goals.”She did not name some of the projects that would be affected by the situation.“About two months ago, we were compelled to draw the attention of the nation to the ailing state of the economy influenced largely by exogenous factors, including the outbreak of a deadly disease and the precipitous decline in our traditional exports of iron ore and rubber,” she said.She said the economy is under severe stress, adding: “We are in difficult times. As we all recognize, this situation is causing hardship for many ordinary Liberians.” Meanwhile, numerous calls for the Government of Liberia to empower farmers and increase its support to the agriculture sector over the years appear to have gone unheeded. Budgetary support to the sector has been consistently dominated by donor support, with GOL contribution only 1% of its own money. Vice President Joseph N. Boakai recently said in Nimba that Cote d’Ivoire is the only member state of the Mano River Union (MRU) whose economy is currently doing well under the global economic crisis. According to him, this is because of that country’s serious investment and involvement in agricultural activities. Near the end of her speech, President Sirleaf proffered to the Legislature “a number of measures… to see us through yet another cyclical flow of the changing conditions of the global economy.” Among these measures, the President outlined the need to:– Provide a guarantee of US$15 Million to commercial banks for loans to finance operations in the rubber sector under Sector Restructuring Plan that ensures debt settlement and value addition for farms of not less than 100 acres;– Provide Guarantee of US$2 million to commercial banks for loans small Liberian Businesses that require no more the US$50 thousand for commercial activities;– Revise Revenue and Investment Codes to protect local manufacturers;– Expand duty free on all agricultural machinery and farm inputs;– Restrict duty free privileges;– Enforce the law restricting certain businesses reserved for LiberiansLiberia obtained the cancellation of an external debt burden of US$4.9 billion under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, President Sirleaf said.However, the foundation of economic diversification already set in place by the administration could not fully absorb unexpected shocks that affect the economy.In addition to the global economy shocks, she said Foreign Direct Investment into the economy has been adversely affected by land and labor related disputes. To date, an estimated US$4.2 billion has been operationalized to create jobs, improve infrastructure and generate revenue.In addition to the perpetual budget shortfalls, the Liberian economy has experienced three shocks since 2006. The first shock grew out of the 2008 global financial crisis which slowed the pace of investment resulting in a GDP decline to 5.1 percent in 2009. President Sirleaf said that despite this shock, the economy grew by 8.7 percent in 2013.The second shock, which threatened lives and livelihoods of Liberians, collapsing the health sector and paralyzing the economy, came from the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in 2014. “This was concomitant with the third shock – a sharp decline in global prices of our two main exports: iron ore and rubber. “As a result, real GDP growth plummeted from an original forecast of 5.9 percent to 0.7 percent in 2014,” she added.The President admitted that the economy continued to experience suppressed growth in 2015 owing not only to falling prices of “our prime export commodities and the effects of the Ebola Virus outbreak but also to the ongoing drawdown of the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), which mainly affected the services sector.”Consequently, she said the GDP declined further to 0.3 percent in 2015, compared to the original forecast of 6.8 percent.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
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On the early morning of Saturday, November 26, the world awoke to news of the death of Cuba’s revolutionary leader Fidel Castro, whose demise actually occurred on Friday morning, November 25. Fidel left public life in 2006 due to ill health, leaving power in the hands of his brother, Raul Castro. Following the news of his death, US President-elect Donald Trump, according to BBC, described Castro as a “brutal dictator who suppressed his own people during his tyrannical regime”, a comment that set off diverse views on the leadership of the late Cuban leader. The BBC also reported that dissident Cubans in Florida in the United States, upon hearing of Castro’s death burst into joyous celebration, with some expressing regret that he was not prosecuted in a criminal court for his alleged brutal regime.United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, quoted by the BBC, however, acknowledged Castro’s leadership in making Cuba one of the most recognized literate societies with a resilient health care system providing universal free health care to its citizens.Russia and China have expressed remorse over Castro’s demise on grounds that he was a communist and a true revolutionary leader who stood by his decision and principles to defend the communist ideology and his country.Amid diverse reactions from around the world over the death of Castro, how impactful was his style of leadership on Liberia and other African countries?During the Ebola crisis in 2014 in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone, Cuban doctors were sent to the sub-region to help contain the disease.According to the Cuban Embassy near Monrovia, over 48 Liberians have benefited from training in medicine in Cuba, which Chargé d’Affaires Yordenis Despaigne Vera says solidifies Liberia-Cuba relations.Liberia and Cuba have been in mutual diplomatic relations since the 19th century especially when Liberia pleaded for lifting of the economic blockade imposed by the United States on Cuba.At the continental level, Dr. Stephen Wilkinson, Editor of the International Journal for Cuban Studies, told BBC in his analysis that many African countries benefited from Castro’s regime despite the economic blockade on Cuba.Dr. Wilkinson said Fidel Castro’s regime identified with liberation movements in Africa and during their struggle for independence on the continent, Castro helped many of them with military aid.Among countries that received military aid from Cuba are Angola, South Africa, Mozambique, the Congo, Algeria, and Ethiopia.During the Angolan civil war that was fought between the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) between 1975 and 2002, Castro supported MPLA with military aid against the US backed UNITA rebels.His regime also condemned the inhumane treatment perpetrated against black South Africans; and since 1996, South Africa benefitted from “Cuba Medical Internationalism.”During the Mozambican civil war that started on September 25, 1964 and ended with a ceasefire on September 8, 1974, Cuba was among countries, including the defunct Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and China, that supported the Mozambique Liberation Front (otherwise known as the FRELIMO). In the Democratic Republic of Congo’s crisis during the fight for independence, a Cuban Expedition Unit led by Che Guevara trained Marxist rebels to fight against the weak central government of Joseph Kasa-Vubu along with the forces of Mobutu Sese Seko.South African President Nelson Mandela visited Cuba after he left office in 1991 and extended gratitude to Castro for standing by the suffering black South Africans.Former Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano early Saturday morning expressed his condolences to the people of Cuba for Castro’s passing, remembering the revolutionary role he played during that country’s struggle for independence.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Orange, the France-based global telecommunications operator that purchased a 100% ownership of Cellcom, has appealed to the Government of Liberia for a transparent and stable tax regime in order to develop its investment in the country.Bruno Mettling, Deputy Chief Executive Officer of the Orange Group and Chairman and CEO of Orange Middle East and Africa, said if the country has a transparency and a stable tax framework, it will encourage them to invest more, which will in turn help boast its economy, generating more revenue for government. He said predictability of the tax regime is key to increasing Orange’s investment in Liberia.Mettling was making specific reference to the US$0.01 tax levied on all voice calls, as proposed by President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf a year ago to the Legislature, who endorsed said proposal, in spite of a polarized debate over the measure. The aim of the new tax was to help raise revenue (a projected US$30.1 million) to support the 2016-2017 national budget. However, just this week, the House of Representatives unanimously voted to repeal the law creating the tax, “after several consultations with stakeholders in the sector,” they said.According to Mettling, “We need to appeal because in some African countries there is transparency and stable tax framework that allow investors to invest and provide revenue and job for the Liberians, but if each quarter, a new tax [is required] – new rules are being raised – we will not be able to develop our investment.”And at the end of the day, “I promise for the state and citizens that the level of tax and revenues that Orange pay is more important that will help government gets more revenue.Mettling promised that if the government can ensure the needed transparency and stability, “Orange will re-invest US$20 million of its revenue in Liberia every year.” He also promised that Orange will open up a training program for Liberians in the telecom sector, at the Orange premises on the corner of Tubman Blvd. and 13th Street.Speaking to journalists yesterday at the official launch of its brand, Mettling assured customers that the company will meet their needs and expectations and to support government efforts to boost social and economic development.“I am very happy to be here with you today for the official launch of the Orange brand in Liberia. This important moment comes after the acquisition of Cellcom by our subsidiary Orange Côte d’Ivoire a little more than one year ago,” he said.Although new to Liberia, Mettling said Orange has a strong presence in Africa, with a major presence in all of the Mano River Union countries.“It may interest you to know that one out of 10 Africans is an orange customer. We are operating in 19 countries in Africa and we are proud to be in all the countries of the Mano River Union. In Liberia, we have added more than 1.6 million customers to our existing base of 120 Million customers across Africa.“We are strongly convinced that Africa is a land of growth, and it is clear that the digital revolution is underway across the continent,” Mettling added.“Already, the symbolic milestone of one billion phones has been reached, and we believe that by 2021 there be one billion smartphones.“Why now in Liberia?” He asked rhetorically saying that, Orange looked at the market potential and the opportunity to do business in the country.“We were very impressed. This is one of the key reasons why we choose to come and invest here. In fact, we are very proud to have been one of the first international companies to invest in Liberia after the Ebola crisis.“Our decision to invest in Liberia is tied to our confidence in the economy as well as the great potential and opportunities that we see here,” he said.“Right now,” the group chairman said, “there is only a 70 percent mobile penetration and “we see this as a chance to ensure that ALL Liberians have access to quality and affordable telecommunications.“In addition the culture and innovation of Cellcom was another key factor in bringing Orange to Liberia. In many ways, the Cellcom culture is similar to ours. Specifically, aagility—the Company has a culture of quick decision-making and pragmatism driven by customer interests.He also mentioned innovation, which the company will use to create the first unlimited offer, noting that Cellcom has created a service tailored to the Liberian market, meeting their needs in terms of usage and simplicity; this offer has become the standard benchmark in the market.According to him, pioneering spirit–Cellcom was the first to launch 4G because it understood the need for world class internet quality in the country.“While we will maintain the core of these values, we will also tap on the expertise of the Orange group to accelerate performance in the follow key areas.“First, we invested heavily in expanding our network. In particular, since we arrived in June 2016 we build more new sites in six months than Cellcom had done in the previous four years.“We will continue Investment that will maximize connectivity for Liberians, especially access to data. For example, we will be the first to launch 4G LTE in ten cities outside of Monrovia,” said Mettling.He further said customers have already started to experience faster internet speeds, since the acquisition of Cellcom by Orange, “we have increased our bandwidth from 2.5GB to 5GB. We also doubled the speed of our Internet allowing our subscribers to enjoy a better internet experience.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Mr. Tumbey: “We are hearing radio announcements and rumors in various corners that the LRA is in the process of giving licenses to people who want to venture in the clearing and forwarding business.”-Brokers Association accuses regulatory authority of overlapping function; threatens to file lawsuitThe already struggling Liberian economy is on the verge of seeing an upsurge of negative issues as tension continues to grow between the Liberia Revenue Authority (LRA) and the National Customs Brokers Association of Liberia (NCBAL)—two entities that contribute significantly to the country’s economy.The brokers association is accusing the LRA of overlapping its functions and of practically involving in ‘fraudulent activities’ that undermine the smooth operation of the association.At a recent press conference in Monrovia, the association’s president, Ivan Tumbey, accused the LRA of clandestinely engaging in the certification of customs brokers, a move that is contrary to that entity’s scope of operations, he said. The LRA’s action, Tumbey noted, is in clear violation of the legal framework that established the NCBAL and enacted it into law by the National Legislature in 1997.According to Tumbey, the act that created the NCBAL gives it the authority and right to perform clearing and forwarding duties as well as supervising their operations.“We think basically that the LRA is missing her basic function. If you go to the act that established the LRA, there’s nowhere in the act that gives them the right to create any association,” he said.Tumbey said the brokers association also has the legal mandate to recruit and vet individuals, while the LRA only has the power to license the group as an association, “and not individuals” as it is being accused of doing.“We are hearing radio announcements and rumors in various corners that the LRA is in the process of giving licenses to people who want to venture in the clearing and forwarding business, though they have no knowledge of the sector.“Many of these people have not gone through the rank and file of the national customs brokers association and not accredited by our entity,” Tumbey added.This, he noted, contravenes the act that created the association. “There is no indication in the act that established LRA to train or create a broker or license a broker. The NCBAL is the only entity created to do so. I don’t know whether they have other entities established by an act of the legislature,” he said.“Our argument here is that, we are brokers and we follow the rules that established us; and when it is legal for them to license us, we are happy with the procedure that they are coming up with, because more than four years since our last license was earned as an association, it has expired. It is welcoming news to license, but they cannot go beyond the association to license any individual. We are the ones clothed with that authority.“It is our sole responsibility and they cannot take that from us. If, and only if they insist, we will take another turn because we have used every diplomatic means. We have written, argued, sit together to set a memorandum of understanding to proceed with the LRA and NCBAL as to the way forward in the entire process. But they have been ignoring our requests to sit down and sign the MOU that we both put together.“We don’t know their intentions, but we are going to resist that, and will not allow it to happen for another entity to exist in the country as long as our entity still exists,” he said.Section 3:4 of the NCBAL act gives the association the right “to organize, conduct, administer and evaluate candidates or applicants wishing to engage in and practice brokerage activities in order to standardize the profession. It shall administer tests to all persons or applicants wishing to practice brokerage activities and to be members of the association and also submit who be qualified individuals to the Minister of Finance for professional licensing.”He called on his members to be calm as the leadership puts to bed “this unfortunate situation that is serving as a distraction to them. We want to tell our members not to be deterred, because these are just mere radio announcements. We are not worried about that.”Also speaking, the vice president of the association, James Hinneh, reiterated that the NCBAL is not just a mere entity, “in that the act that was established by our honorable legislature give us the responsibility to be the sole operator of the clearing and forwarding business, every customs related document that enters the customs system should and must pass through the National Customs Brokers Association of Liberia (NCBAL).”“The LRA and NCBAL are two separate entities, created by the same legislature for specific and distinct functions. Our function is to do clearing and forwarding and to supervise the clearing and forwarding business,” he said.“Their (LRA’s) function is to give us license to make it proper through the government; they are the ones responsible to give us license, and we are the ones charged with the responsibility to create brokers and determine who becomes a broker and forward those names to LRA for their own licensing procedure. But in recent times, there are rumors circulating in the public that LRA is certificating individuals.”When contacted, D. Kaihenneh Sengbeh, the communications, media and public affairs manager at the LRA, clarified to the Daily Observer that the two institutions were each created under an act of the National Legislature, but said that the LRA is not violating the act that created the NCBAL.“If any issue, they do not understand what is in the act. They should have come to us to see how best we can tell them about how the process is going on, because LRA has the authority to license brokers and individuals as mandated by section 1500 of the Liberia Revenue Code (LRC) and section 21(1) (a) & (b) of the LRA Act of 2013,” Sengbeh said.He said the purpose of the LRA licensing customs brokers and individuals is to promote professionalism, integrity, and accountability in the business of customs brokerage in Liberia.Quoting the relevant sections of the LRC, Sengbeh concluded: “Section 1500 of Liberia Revenue Code (the “Code”) authorizes the promulgation of regulations for ‘the licensing as customs brokers of persons of good moral character, and of corporations, associations and partnership’ including requiring ‘as a condition to the granting of any license, the showing of such facts as…may be deemed advisable as to the qualifications of the applicant to render valuable service to importers and exporters.“Upon this regulation becoming effective [and subject to the transitional period provided hereunder], every business, corporation, partnership or natural person operating or seeking to operate and carry on commercial business as customs broker shall be required to apply for, obtain, and remain in possession of a valid customs broker license issued by the LRA.“No person shall transact business as a customs broker without a license granted in accordance with the provisions of this regulation, provided that this requirement shall not be construed to require a license in the case of any person clearing goods or transacting business pertaining to his own importations and our action is in the act that created the revenue code.”Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
In an effort to improve human capacity to manage solid waste, authorities from Gbarnga, Bong County, Gompa (Ganta), Nimba County, and Zwedru, Grand Gedeh County are participating in a 5-day USAID Local Empowerment for Government Inclusion and Transparency (LEGIT) Community Solid Waste Management Training in Gompa.Other participants including city corporation staff and mayors of Gbarnga, Gompa and Zwedru, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs)/Community Based Organizations (CBOs), as well as representatives from petty trader organizations from Bong, Nimba, and Grand Gedeh counties are attending the training which started yesterday and will end on Friday, July 14.The Mayor of Gompa, Benjamin Dokpa, expressed his appreciation to USAID LEGIT for providing the opportunity to build the capacity of the participants and cautioned them to take advantage of the opportunity.LEGIT’s senior government advisor Straven H. Willie stressed the importance of keeping the various cities clean. He spoke of the need for collective effort to keep the cities clean and advised the participants to practice what they learn from the training.USAID LEGIT team leader, Judy Oduma, provided an overview of the LEGIT project and said LEGIT seeks to strengthen the government’s policy on decentralization by promoting transparency, effectiveness, and accountability of government resources at the sub-national level.She said the LEGIT project has four components: to work with the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Governance Commission to help strengthen the government’s decentralization program; to work with county governments and help to strengthen their capacities in local governance. Other components are to strengthen city authorities to provide quality services for city residents; and to work with civil society and community-based organizations in demanding quality services from city and county authorities through the utilization of social audit tools.During the first day of the training, presentations on solid waste management with business aspects, primary waste collection, primary waste collection methodologies and equipment, and the environmental health and sanitation linkages in solid waste management were presented by Yondeh Moore-Ilechukwu, a veteran solid waste management specialist.The objective of the training is to provide an understanding to city corporation authorities, CSOs/CBOs, petty traders and LEGIT Urban Planning Coordinators of how to manage solid waste in their various counties, and to also provide participants with an idea of the business module of waste management.Service delivery is a major component of the work of local authorities, and the training will enhance their efforts to provide service to residents.The training also seeks to identify areas for improvement in the solid waste sector and participants will also have a clearer understanding of their individual role as citizens to manage waste, while obtaining a better understanding of the financial management of solid waste.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
A sous chef who was allegedly caught smoking marijuana was on Wednesday charged and taken before the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts.Daryl Glasgow appeared before Magistrate Leron Daly and denied the charge.It is alleged that the sous chef, who works at a popular Kingston restaurant, was caught smoking cannabis on December 19, 2017.The 21-year-old of C Field, Sophia, was represented by Attorney-at-Law Paul Fung-A-Fat.The lawyer contended that Police searched his client and found a cigarette stub in his pocket on the day in question prior to his arrest.Following a bail application, he was released on $40,000 bail and was scheduled to return to court today.Additionally, a prisoner, who was reportedly caught with 25 grams of cannabis, was charged and appeared in court.It is alleged that Joseph McCalmon had the prohibited substance in his possession on November 18, 2017. The case will continue on January 10, 2018.
Damien Favourite of Festival City, Georgetown and Carl Lockhart of Herstelling, East Bank Demerara were on Friday arraigned before Georgetown Magistrate Fabayo Azore on joint charges of alleged possession of an illegal gun and ammunition.The charges stated that on January 17, 2018, at Festival City, Georgetown, the two 31-year-old men were found in possession of one .38 pistol and two .38 live rounds of ammunition without either man being the holder of an ammunition and/or firearm licence.The men denied the allegations when those was read to them, and their attorney, in a bail application, told the court that the house in with the illegal items were found does not belong to either of his clients.Bail was, however, not granted the defendants, and they both were remanded to prison until January 26, when the case is set to be recalled.
US oil giant ExxonMobil has contracted the services of leading global industrial aviation services provider Bristow Group Inc out of the United Kingdom to deliver helicopter offshore crew change and search-and-rescue (SAR) services to support its operations in Guyana.Senior Manager for Business Development at Bristow, Kade Monlezun, said the five-year deal, which is a renewal of an existing contract, commenced on January 1, 2018.“We are honoured to continue to serve ExxonMobil in this region, and appreciate their continued confidence in Bristow… This contract is the result of our team’s proven dedication to delivering exceptional aviation solutions,” Monlezun is quoted as saying by offshoreenergytoday.comIn December, Sikorsky Aircraft Corp. delivered its first fully configured S-76D(TM) helicopter, the latest in the long and highly successful Sikorsky S-76(TM) commercial aircraft family, to the Bristow Group Inc. (PRNewsFoto/Sikorsky Aircraft Corp.)2Bristow will operate three existing Leonardo AW139 helicopters from its base of operation at the Eugene F. Correia International Airport at Ogle, East Coast Demerara, located in Guyana’s Atlantic coast.“The contract is strategically important for Bristow, as the company continues to pursue additional growth opportunities in the region,” said Monlezun. Our greatest strength is our ability to be flexible and offer tailored, cost-effective solutions. We are more competitive and more responsive than ever before, and our clients are rewarding us for it,” Monlezun said.Bristow also provides aircraft support services to Government and civil organizations worldwide. It has operations in the North Sea, Nigeria, the US Gulf of Mexico, and in most of the other major offshore oil and gas producing regions of the world, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, Russia and Trinidad.Bristow provides SAR services to the private sector worldwide, and to the public sector for all of the UK on behalf of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency.ExxonMobil is operator of the giant Stabroek block offshore Guyana, which contains the Liza oil discovery. The oil company is working to develop this discovery with plans to bring the first phase of the Liza field online in March 2020. Exxon is also already thinking about phase two of the Liza development, which would include an FPSO and subsea systems larger than the ones for phase one.Exxon is working to select the concept for the development of the nearby Payara discovery off Guyana.