The origins. The Spanish Super Cup was played for the first time between October and December 1982. At the premiere of the tournament, the Real Sociedad (champion of the League) defeated Real Madrid (champion of the Copa del Rey). Of the first eight editions, only four were played; The competition was canceled in 1986 and 1987 due to date problems and in 1984 and 1989 it was not necessary to play any match by having achieved two doubles at the Athletic Club and Real Madrid, respectively.“Guest” teams. On March 1, 1996, when the two finalists of the Copa del Rey of that season were already known, the RFEF decided in the Board of Directors that, in case a team was proclaimed champion of the League and the Copa del Rey in In the same season, the Spanish Super Cup would be “invited” to the runner-up of the Copero tournament. The regulation change came, therefore, in conditions very similar to those of last season, also with the well advanced football course and with the finalists of the KO tournament already decided.Atleti-Barça in 1996. Atletico Madrid won the double in the 1995-96 season and faced Barcelona (runner-up Cup) in August. It was the first of the six occasions in which a team was “invited” to the Spanish Super Cup and the first of three times in which the club won the title (Barcelona in 1996, Mallorca in 1998 and Athletic Club in 2015). Curiously, neither Barcelona nor Atlético de Madrid played that 1996 tournament in their respective stadiums. The first were local in the Olympic of Montjuïc, while the second chose the La Peineta Stadium (now Wanda Metropolitano).Barcelona leads the medal winners. The 35 Spanish Super Cup titles awarded to date are distributed as follows: 13 for Barcelona, 10 for Real Madrid, 3 for Deportivo, two for Atlético de Madrid, two for Athletic Club, one for Real Zaragoza, one for Mallorca, one for Real Sociedad, one for Sevilla and the rest was taken by Valencia.Atypical date. The Spanish Super Cup was not played in winter since 1993 (Real Madrid defeated Barcelona 3-1 at the Bernabéu on December 2 and drew 1-1 at the Camp Nou on the 16th of the same month), although this is the first edition that is played in the month of January. It will be the second final played outside of Spain (last year was held in Morocco) and it is the first time that the Final Four model is used for a tournament of this style in any of the major European leagues. Derbis in the Super Cups. Atlético de Madrid and Real Madrid have previously faced each other in the Spanish Supercup (2014) and in the European Supercup (2018) and on both occasions they took the title the rojiblancos. The first to double game (see page 3) and the second to single game in Tallinn (4-2 after extension). That match was the official debut of Julen Lopetegui at the head of Real Madrid.In neutral field. Apart from that European Super Cup played in Estonia that won the Atleti, three other official Madrid derbies have been held in neutral field: there was a tiebreaker match in Zaragoza corresponding to the 1958-59 European Cup (Madrid won 2- 1; he would end up raising his fourth consecutive title) and two recent Champions League finals in Lisbon (4-1 for Madrid in 2014, after extra time) and Milan (1-1 and victory in the penalty shootout for the white team in 2016 ).Balance between both. The overall balance of the 274 official confrontations between Atlético and Madrid is very favorable to the whites, who have added 140 victories and 473 goals, while their rival has achieved 68 wins and 348 goals. Although at the end of the single game Atleti has an advantage: it won five and lost three.Infallible in the finals. Zidane has never lost a final in his career as a coach, either single game or double game. He won three of three in the European Cup, two of two in the Club World Cup, two of two in the European Super Cup and one of one in the Spanish Super Cup. His balance against Atlético de Madrid is two wins, five draws and two losses in nine official matches.Closer to Miguel Muñoz. Zidane could achieve today his tenth title in his official match number 187 as coach of Real Madrid (he would go out to a title every 19 games). It would be four wounded to equal the 14 of Miguel Muñoz, who is the most successful coach in the history of the white club.The tenth of Cholo. Simeone faces today his tenth final as Atlético coach. He won six of the previous nine and only lost three (a Spanish Super Cup against Barcelona and the two Champions League against Madrid). Today he could balance his balance in the derby in case of victory (for now he has nine wins, eleven draws and ten losses in 30 clashes against the Real).Beat Luis. Simeone could achieve today his eighth title as coach of Atlético, which would exceed the seven of Luis Aragonés (counting the 2001-02 Second Championship) and become the most successful coach in the history of the club. Only Miguel Muñoz (14 titles with Madrid), Pep Guardiola (14 with Barcelona), Johan Cruyff (11 with Barcelona), Luis Enrique (9 titles with Barcelona) and Ferdinand Daucik (8 titles with Barcelona) beat him in titles with the same club in the history of Spanish football.
Climate change may get all the attention, but it has a less-talked-about but no less troubling twin: ocean acidification. And a growing chorus of Alaskans, from shellfish growers to fishermen, are fretting about the potential impacts to the state’s waters. Now a new collaboration is aiming to bring ocean acidification into the spotlight – with the hope that better understanding it will better prepare the state to adapt.Listen nowA buoy in Seward’s Resurrection Bay measures ocean acidification parameters every three hours. (Photo courtesy Alaska Ocean Acidification Research Center)Historically, oceans are basic — that means not acidic. But about a quarter of the carbon dioxide released each year into the atmosphere is absorbed by the world’s oceans. And that changes the chemistry of the sea water, making the oceans more acidic. That, in turn makes it harder for ocean-dwellers like crab, oysters, clams, and plankton to form shells — seriously threatening those species.Darcy Dugan is coordinator of the brand new Alaska Ocean Acidification Network — whose goal is to educate Alaskans and connect scientists across the state. She said, since the Industrial Revolution, there has been an estimated 30 percent increase in the acidity of the waters globally.“If you assume a business as usual scenario for emissions, we’d be looking at the oceans being 150 percent more acidic in 2100 — and that’s also more acidic than they’ve been in the last 20 million years,” Dugan said.The rapid change may be outpacing sea creatures’ ability to adapt. And Alaska is expected to experience acidification faster and more intensely than other global neighbors because the water here is, as scientists say ‘cold and old.’ That is, cold waters and waters from the deep sea are already more acidic.Bob Foy, director of the NOAA lab in Kodiak, holds up tanner crab, a species expected to be impacted by ocean acidification. (Photo courtesy NOAA’s Fisheries Science Center)“These waters naturally store more CO2 year round which means we’re closer to a dangerous threshold to begin with,” Dugan said. “And then as winter storms bring colder water and older water to the surface, the state can intensify.”Alaska’s Bering, Chukchi and Beaufort seas are all expected to move out of their historic range of variability. Dugan said the Beaufort Sea is expected to leave its natural range this decade.And that could affect Alaskans way of life. That’s because the species most affected by acidification, like plankton, support the state’s most important fish, like salmon“Right now we have a $5.8 billion seafood industry and the concern is it’s not just commercial species that might be affected by ocean acidification but the species they eat,” Dugan said. “So once you knock one part of the food chain the whole food chain could feel the effects.”Plus, she said, about half the seafood in the US come from Alaskan waters. Dugan hopes that a better understanding of the chemistry and ecology, will help the state respond to future changes.That’s where the Alaska Ocean Acidification Network comes in. They are working to connect scientists and communities, from Kotzebue to Sitka and share best practices between researchers for monitoring changes. Which will enable scientists around the state to respond and adapt to major shifts in the ecosystem Alaskans depend on.In August, they will host a webinar explaining ocean acidification and its impact in Alaska and present research at the Aleutian Life Forum.