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Researchers look at lower-cost alternative protein source for pig diets

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Threonine is an indispensable amino acid, which is often provided in supplement form in swine diets. With U.S. production of crystalline amino acids increasing, more co-products from amino acid production are becoming available, and these co-products can also be fed to pigs. Researchers at the University of Illinois are investigating a co-product of synthetic threonine as a lower-cost alternative protein source to fish meal.“To create synthetic threonine, you ferment a carbohydrate substrate using selected strains of bacteria, then extract the crystalline L-threonine from the fermentation product,” said Hans H. Stein, a professor of animal sciences at U of I. “The biomass that’s left over, even though most of the threonine has been extracted, is still rich in amino acids. If those amino acids are well digested by pigs, this could be a good source of protein.”Stein and his fellow researchers conducted two experiments comparing threonine biomass with fish meal. In the first experiment, they determined the concentration and digestibility of protein and amino acids in both ingredients. Threonine biomass contained 81.8% crude protein on an as-fed basis, compared with 65.6% crude protein in fish meal. The standardized ileal digestibility was greater in threonine biomass than in fish meal for crude protein, as well as for all indispensable amino acids except tryptophan. Overall, the average digestibility of amino acids in threonine biomass was 83.5%, compared with 72.3% for fish meal.In the second experiment, Stein’s team determined that threonine biomass contained about 25% more digestible and metabolizable energy than fish meal. On a dry matter basis, threonine biomass contained 4,935 kcal per kilogram of digestible energy and 4,335 kcal per kilogram of metabolizable energy, versus 3,957 and 3,508 kcal per kilogram respectively in fish meal.“The results from these studies indicate that threonine biomass can be used as an alternative to fish meal, and possibly other animal proteins, in diets for weanling pigs,” Stein said.The study, “Amino acid digestibility and concentration of digestible and metabolizable energy in a threonine biomass product fed to weanling pigs,” was co-authored by Ferdinando Almeida and Rommel Sulabo. The study was funded by Archer Daniel Midland Company, Decatur, Ill., and was published in a recent volume of the Journal of Animal Science. It is available online at https://www.animalsciencepublications.org/publications/jas/articles/92/10/4540.last_img read more

BSE closes points 32107 down on July 16

first_imgBSE closes points 321.07 down on July 162.1K views00:00 / 00:00- 00:00:0000:00BSE closes points 321.07 down on July 162.1K viewsBusinessNew Delhi, July 16 (ANI): Trading at the Bombay Stock Exchange today closed 321.07 points up to stand at 25,549.72. At the National Stock Exchange the Nifty closed 97.75 points up to stand at 7,624.40. JP INFRATEC and Financial Tech were among the top gainers of Group A with an increase of 19.86% and 9.99% along with IDFC and Adani Ports with an increase of 8.87% and 8.44% respectively, while the top losers of Group A include Power Finance and REC with a decrease of 5.98% and 4.72% along with LIC Housing Finance Ltd. and South Indian Bank with a decrease of 3.71% and 2.97% at the close of the markets. The Auto sector is up 222.85 points at 15,741.51 while the banking sector is up 426.10 points at 17,479.92 and the realty sector is up 82.61 points at 2,014.51. The Indian currency is 0.07% up at Rs 60.16 per dollar.Ventuno Web Player 4.50New Delhi, July 16 (ANI): Trading at the Bombay Stock Exchange today closed 321.07 points up to stand at 25,549.72. At the National Stock Exchange the Nifty closed 97.75 points up to stand at 7,624.40. JP INFRATEC and Financial Tech were among the top gainers of Group A with an increase of 19.86% and 9.99% along with IDFC and Adani Ports with an increase of 8.87% and 8.44% respectively, while the top losers of Group A include Power Finance and REC with a decrease of 5.98% and 4.72% along with LIC Housing Finance Ltd. and South Indian Bank with a decrease of 3.71% and 2.97% at the close of the markets. The Auto sector is up 222.85 points at 15,741.51 while the banking sector is up 426.10 points at 17,479.92 and the realty sector is up 82.61 points at 2,014.51. The Indian currency is 0.07% up at Rs 60.16 per dollar.last_img read more

China kindergarten blast kills 7

first_img.An explosion rocked a kindergarten in eastern China on Thursday, killing at least seven people and injuring dozens, authorities said, as state media published images showing bloodied and unconscious victims.The explosion happened at the school’s gates, Xinhua news agency said, citing the emergency office of Xuzhou city.Images circulating online showed that the force of the blast tore people’s clothes off and one woman was seen clutching her child, who is in tears.An official at the police station in Fengxian county told AFP that the cause of the blast was under investigation.However the Global Times and China Youth Daily newspapers cited witnesses as saying that a gas cylinder at a food stall had exploded.At least seven people were killed and 66 injured, including nine seriously, according to Xuzhou city government. Two died at the site of the explosion and five while being treated.Pictures of the scene showed more than a dozen people outside a building, many lying on the concrete and some appearing to be unconscious, including a small child.Another video posted by the People’s Daily showed emergency workers arriving at the scene with gurneys. Another showed people lying in a hospital.Online media reports cited a business owner near the kindergarten as saying that around 5:00 pm (0900 GMT) he heard a “bang”, and found that there had been an explosion at the kindergarten entrance only 100 metres away.Some people on China’s Twitter-like Weibo website said the use of gas canisters by food stalls posed a danger.“China’s small restaurants are landmines, and every mobile street vendor is a moving bomb,” one person wrote.“How can the city management officers allow a vendor to set up a stall at a school entrance with a gas fuel canister?”History of attacks -It is the latest tragedy to strike a kindergarten in China in recent weeks.A school bus packed with kindergarten pupils erupted in flames inside a tunnel in eastern Shandong province on May 9, killing 11 children, a teacher and the driver.Officials later said the fire was intentionally set by the driver, who was angry at losing overtime wages.There have also been knife attacks at schools in recent years.In January a man armed with a kitchen knife stabbed and wounded 11 children at a kindergarten in southern Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region.In February last year, a knife-wielding assailant wounded 10 children in a schoolyard in Haikou, in the southern island province of Hainan, before committing suicide.In 2014 state media reported that a man stabbed three children and a teacher to death and wounded several others in a rampage at a primary school that refused to enrol his daughter.That followed a March 2013 incident in which a man killed two relatives and then slashed 11 people, including six children, outside a school in China’s commercial hub Shanghai.last_img read more

Russia wont support any UN move to pressure Myanmar

first_imgRohingya refugee. File PhotoRussia has reiterated its position to resolve Rohingya crisis through “bilateral negotiations” saying it will not support any resolution in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to put pressure on Myanmar engaging the UN.”China has its own policy. Our position is very similar to Chinese one that this issue (Rohingya) should be settled through negotiations. It’s a bilateral issue,” said Russian ambassador to Bangladesh Alexander I. Ignatov at a seminar in the city on Thursday, reports UNB.The UNSC is thinking of fresh actions to push Myanmar to work with the UN to address the Rohingya crisis. Russia and China have so far boycotted discussions on a British-drafted resolution.Referring to the UK-initiated draft resolution on finding sort of comprehensive solution to Rohingya crisis, Ambassador Ignatov said they do not support 1 percent of that kind of particular draft resolution. “I don’t believe it’ll be adopted.”Asked why Russia has failed to extend support in the UNSC and beyond on Rohingya issue when Russia never faltered in extending support to Bangladesh, the Ambassador said, “Russia hasn’t failed in this regard. It’s completely wrong to say so.”He explained further saying they have different approach compared to some other countries and said putting pressure on Myanmar, they believe, will create complexities as Bangladesh and Myanmar signed bilateral agreement on repatriation of Rohingyas.The Russian ambassador said they believe in proper implementation of the bilateral agreement on repatriation.He, however, said Rohingyas should be allowed to go back to their place of origin and of course the situation for them should be humane.Bangladesh and Myanmar formed the Joint Working Group (JWG) in December 2017 to start the repatriation of around 900,000 Rohingyas who fled a brutal military crackdown in August 2017.However, the Rohingya repatriation plan, as agreed by Bangladesh and Myanmar to begin in mid-November this year, failed.The seminar on ’47 Years of Friendship: Bangladesh-Russia Relations’ was held at Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS) on Thursday.Foreign secretary M Shahidul Haque attended the seminar as the chief guest with president of Bangladesh-Russia Friendship Society AAMS Arefin Siddique in the chair.last_img read more

HBCUs Make Their Pitch to Next Generation

first_imgJordan Johnson is a senior at the School Without Walls High School in the Northwest quadrant of the District of Columbia and like many seniors; she is looking forward to attending college. Jordan has opted to attend a historically Black college and university (HBCU), and is proud of her decision to do so.Jordan Johnson is a senior at D.C.’s School Without Walls. (Courtesy Photo/DCPS)“People may knock down certain schools, but I’m going to be somewhere where I will be comfortable,” Jordan said. Jordan isn’t alone with her assessment.On Dec. 7, 2016, School Without Walls hosted an HBCU Summit and College Fair for students in all District high schools. Hundreds of students, including Jordan, listened to speakers Keneshia Grant, a Howard University political scientist who received her bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Florida A&M University (FAMU); Keith Perry, a H.D. Woodson High School, Morehouse College, and Howard Law School graduate; and others.The students were able to interact with HBCU alumni and network with admissions officials from Bowie State University, Morgan State University, Jackson State University, Grambling University, Spelman College, and Tuskegee University.DCPS’ School Without Walls hosted an HBCU Summit and College FairPerry, the executive director of the National Bar Association, said if a student wants to go to an HBCU, they should go for it. “I wanted to be able to talk with them and explain to them that there are people who have walked the same path and explain to them that there’s a path to success academically,” he said.The District’s Black residents have long had relationships with HBCUs. The city’s first HBCU was Miner Normal School, founded in 1851 for “colored girls” and through the years, Miner evolved through mergers and consolidations to become the University of the District of Columbia in 1975 by an act of the D.C. Council. Howard University, considered one of the leading HBCUs in the country, was founded in 1867 by Gen. Oliver Otis Howard, head of the Freedmen’s Bureau.A number of District leaders have received their education at HBCUs, with D.C. Council members Kenyan McDuffie (D-Ward 5) graduating from Howard and Trayon White (D-Ward 8) and Brandon Todd (D-Ward 4) receiving their bachelor’s degrees from the University of Maryland Eastern Shore and Bowie State University, respectively.Former D.C. Mayors Walter Washington and Sharon Pratt went to Howard University for their bachelor’s degrees and its law school, while Marion S. Barry graduated from LeMoyne College and received his master’s degree from Fisk University.While Perry used his undergraduate experience at Morehouse for success in law school, James McClelland Jr., an internal controls and processes manager at Fannie Mae, told the AFRO his bachelor’s degree in accounting from North Carolina A&T University helped him do well getting his master of science degree in accounting at Michigan State University (MSU).“On the academic front, my undergraduate course load was strong enough to the point where I had already taken some of the classes required for my master’s degree at A&T,” McClelland, a graduate of Dunbar High School, said. “It made matriculating through my master’s program a lot easier when compared to some of my peers from other schools, including the MSU undergrads in the program with me.”McClelland, a CPA, said the confidence he gained at A&T helped him become a leader at MSU and in his professional life. McClelland said, “An HCBU experience is second to none. The family environment helps tremendously; the professors and administrators are personally vested in the success of students and you aren’t considered a number. The quality of education is just as strong if not stronger than non-HBCUs. There are several lifelong connections made and when you walk out of the walls of an HBCU, you will, without a shadow of a doubt, be prepared to take on life’s challenges.”Jordan is considering Norfolk State University, Dillard University, Fayetteville State University, FAMU, and Virginia State University, and is interested in studying business administration and marketing, with an eye on entrepreneurship.Jordan told the AFRO she had to refute erroneous claims that students attending predominantly White institutions have a distinct advantage over those attending HBCUs in the job market.“That is completely inaccurate,” she said. “The school that someone went to plays a part but is not the primary reason someone is hired. Plus, HBCUs and their alumni have connections to industries that will help students to find jobs.”LaToya Grant is the admissions director and internship coordinator at School Without Walls and a graduate of Florida A&M University. She agrees with Jordan and McClelland about the HBCU experience. “Black colleges and universities prepare you for the real world,” she told the AFRO. “HBCU graduates tend to fare better than students who attended [White colleges] in many cases.”last_img read more