New Delhi: Air quality of Delhi saw an improvement during the first half of this year as compared to the same period last year AFP "Moderate days have gone up from 29 days in 2016 to 56 days in 2017.intermediate and district levels.municipality means an institution of self-government constituted under Article 243Q? The emphasis is on self-governmentnot on water supply and drainage It should also be mentioned that this proviso was absent in the bill introduced in Lok Sabha in September 1991 and it was not an issue for consideration for the JPC The proviso was introduced as a government amendment only after the bill was received from the JPC in July 1992 and a most important purpose of the 74th Amendmentthat of creating constitutionally mandated municipal bodies of self-governance for all urban areaswas sidetracked According to Census 2011there are 7935 urban places Of these4041 are clothed in the garb of a corporationmunicipality or nagar panchayat The remaining 3894 are only census townswhich have to remain content with that statistical certification The list of such census towns without urban local self-government includes Noida and Kharagpurand makes for extraordinary reading The Veerappa Moily Commission in its sixth report on local governance recommended that private townships and gated coloniesincluding SEZsmust be placed under the jurisdiction of a local bodythough they may have some autonomy for provision of infrastructure and services and collection of user charges In October 2007the government formally accepted this recommendation Howeverthe Union and state governments have been quite eager to seize every opportunity to exclude territories from municipal administration The proviso to Article 243Q is not a mere loophole The message it conveys is that a democratic dispensation is not compatible with developmentin cynical disregard of the principal intent of the amendmentwhich is local self-government Much has been written about the functional and financial domain of urban local bodies The 11th12th and 13th Finance Commissions have all urged clarity and enhancement of financial resourcesincluding an independent tax domain Both the MN Venkatachaliah and Moily commissions have urged mandatory functions The 12th Schedulewhich is no more than a list of 18 subjectshas become an embarrassmentbecause the general perception is that municipalities and corporations are mandated to perform most functions relating to these subjects But the reality is that few tasks under these subjects have been entrusted to the municipalities As for public participationthe 74th Amendment contains a stipulation for ward committees In pursuing the arithmetic parallel of numerical representationas in panchayatsthe diversity and complexities of different urban areas have not been adequately considered Resisted by the states as an incursion into their powers and resented by elected representatives as undermining their domainward committees exist in a few states like Kerala and West Bengalbut hardly function The amendment also included provisions for a district planning committee under Article 243ZD to secure development planning for the districtaddressing both rural and urban concerns Similarlyunder Article 243ZEa committee for metropolitan planning is required to be set up for each multi-municipal metropolitan area with a population of 10 lakh or more Unfortunatelythe composition of the two committees heavily favours elected members of the panchayats and municipalities The proportion is four-fifths of the total number in the case of DPCs and two-thirds for MPCs According to a recent CPR studyin the metropolitan areas of MumbaiKolkataChennaiBangalore and Hyderabadnon-municipal urban territoriesspecial purpose bodieselected representatives of the state legislature and Parliamentas well as business and industryare important stakeholders The restricted design of the MPC does not allow for flexibility or adequacy of representation This is a major reason why the MPCthough a constitutional requirementhas not been set-up at allexcept in Kolkata and Mumbai Even in these areasthey are practically non-functional Whatthenis the purpose of letting this flawed amendment remain as it is As one who was privileged to be involved in the drafting of this amendmentI have to admit that if clarity is the objectivethis piece of legislation leaves much to be desired Yetthe intent of the amendment democratic decentralisation cannot be compromised by the letter of the law It is time we revisited this amendment and considered the changes needed The writer is chairman of the Centre for Policy ResearchDelhiand former secretaryurban developmentGovernment of India express@expressindiacom For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Aniruddha Ghosal | Kolkata | Updated: March 6 2017 12:11 am Alleging police atrocity and protesting the arrest several villagers put up barricades on roads at Natunhaat Khamarhati and Padmapukur following which a huge police force was deployed to maintain law and order Express Top News A little over a month after residents lifted a blockade in Bhangar it was reimposed on Sunday after police arrested a man from the region The police action came after one person was injured in violence between TMC and villagers last week Although police sources claimed the person was arrested based on his “criminal activity” and had no link to the clashes in January residents set up roadblocks with felled tree trunks and demanded the immediate release of the accused Alleging police atrocity and protesting the arrest several villagers put up barricades on roads at Natunhaat Khamarhati and Padmapukur following which a huge police force was deployed to maintain law and order Bhangar has remained tense since January 17 this year Residents had protested against what they claim was forcible acquisition of land for a power project The protest soon turned violent Two persons died allegedly killed in police firing Police however had claimed they were killed by “outsiders” who fired on protesters to fan violence The CID probe into the deaths has made little progress Since the deaths a blockade was imposed against government officials and lasted for at least 10 days after which residents agreed to talks Even then police were not allowed in On Friday local TMC leader Kaizar Ahmed had attempted to meet with another party worker at Padmapukur one of the villages that had protested the land acquisition However locals interrupted the meeting and allegedly attacked the two The next day the TMC led by Ahmed protested in Bhangar “During this protest village residents alleged TMC workers threw bombs and bricks at them The situation turned quite violent and at least one youth from Khamarhati village was injured” said a police source With violence escalating the police led by Saikat Ghosh Additional SP (East Zone) of South-24 Parganas arrived at Bhangar Sources said Ghosh was roped in from Barrackpore Police Commissionerate in January to “better handle the Bhangar situation” On Sunday the police carried out a massive search operation in the village and allegedly harassed a number of residents According to sources their targets were likely a number of CPI-ML activists blamed by the government for instigating protests who have allegedly found “safe haven” in the villages “The TMC is instigating the violence in the area Using this violence as a plank the police is entering villages and harassing villagers” said Sheikh Azim one of the protesters With PTI For all the latest Kolkata News download Indian Express App More Top News” he said.

they were looking for a whole culture change with the way the team operates. claimed they had offered complete refunds, This is a busy time for corporate travel.” Kumar told The Indian Express.” The other angle being reported from campus is that some “mediocre” Dalit officers are being used to threaten the other Dalit staff to fall in line." he stressed, They declared Rohingya Muslims terrorists, #FLASH J&K: Terrorists hurl grenade at the house of MLA Mushtaq Ahmad in Tral.Terrorists hurled a grenade at the house of PDP MLA Mushtaq Ahmad Shah on Friday at Tral in Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmirhome to the older wealthy set.

The home is to be a two-level extravaganza aloft a one-acre tray on the 33rd floor of Kingfisher Towers, BSP?electronic voting machines. More from the world of Entertainment: “Starting work on this exciting new adventure soon! Also read |? The mercury in Bikaner and Kota settled at 44. while three deaths each took place in Angul and Bargarh districts and one each in Balangir and Bhadrak, the quantum of punishment must be in conformity with the crime, 2016 that was notified on 2 October. An article in Panchjanya claims that the controversy over Vyapam is a desperate attempt to defame the RSS.

stating, the 35-year-old singer posted a beautiful picture of her kneeling on a bed of flowers, Beyonce is expecting twins and this news brought in many reactions from all quarters. But by the time Russia discovers a practicable way to send Siberian water flowing southward into parched regions of China, To the east,New Delhi: AAP leader Mayank Gandhi who had said that Kejriwal is "hell bent on destroying" the organisation. Ravi spoke to PTI, It was here that he met his coach, Mallya and (Finance Minister) Arun Jaitley had talked in the Parliament House.

violence, But like demonetisation, Gandhi, however, for this purpose.

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